Таблица времен в английском языке

 

  Simple Continuous Perfect
Present

Usually,  always, often, every day

+    Подл     +  V1 (s/es)     +      в.ч.п.

He gets up at 6 o’clock every day

+    Подл     +     is/am/are    +    в.ч.п.

He is young

We are students

?    Do/does   + подл   +   V1    +    в.ч.п.

Does he get up at 6 o’clock every day?

?   Am/is/are   + подл   +    в.ч.п.?

Are you at home?

-    Подл  +   do/does  +not  +  V1   +  в.ч.п.

He doesn’t get up at 6 o’clock every day

Now, at the moment

+ Подл +am/is/are+Ving+ в.ч.п.

I am going to school now

? Am/is/are+подл+Ving +в.ч.п.

Is he playing the piano now?

- Подл+ am/is/are+not+Ving +в.ч.п.

They are doing the homework at the moment

Already, just, yet, so far, ever, never

+ Подл +have/has+V3+ в.ч.п.

I have already bought a car

He has been to Spain

? Have/Has+подл+V3 +в.ч.п.

Have you ever been to Spain?

Has he done the homework?

- Подл+ have/has+not+V3 +в.ч.п.

I haven’t been to school yet

Past

Yesterday, 2 day ago, last week

+     Подл    +   V2   +     в.ч.п.

He got up late yesterday

He lived in Spain in 1989

+   Подл   +   was/were   +    в.ч.п.

He was at home yesterday

?   Did   +   подл   +   V1    +    в.ч.п.

Did he get up late last week?

?   Was/were  +   Подл   +    в.ч.п.?

Were you at home yesterday night?

- Подл  +   did  + not    +   V1    +в.ч.п.

He didn’t get up late 3 days ago I wasn’t at home yesterday night

While, at 6 o’clock yesterday

+ Подл +was/were+Ving+ в.ч.п.

My mother was cooking dinner at 5 yesterday

? was/were+подл+Ving +в.ч.п.

Was she cooking dinner when you came home yesterday?

- Подл+ was/were+not+Ving +в.ч.п.

We weren’t swimming while you were driving home yesterday.

+ Подл +had+ V3+ в.ч.п.

He had finished work before we came

?Had+подл+V3 +в.ч.п.

Had the lecture begun before you came?

- Подл+ had+not+V3 +в.ч.п.

He hadn’t  done the homework before she came to check it

Future

Tomorrow, next week

+   Подл   +   will  +  V1  +   в.ч.п.

I will go to work tomorrow

? Will  +   подл   +   V1  +    в.ч.п.

Will you come here tomorrow?

- Подл   +   will  +   not   +   V1    +   в.ч.п.

I won’t  be there tomorrow

Tomorrow at six o’clock

+ Подл   +  will +be+   Ving+  в.ч.п.

I will be doing the housework tomorrow at 6

? Will + подл + be+Ving +  в.ч.п.?

Will you be doing the housework tomorrow at 6?

-Подл+will+not+Ving+в.ч.п.

He won’t be driving tomorrow at 5 o’clock

+ Подл+will+have+V3+в.ч.п.

I will have done the housework by 6 o’clock tomorrow ?

Will+подл+have+V3+в.ч.п.

- Подл+will+have+V3+в.ч.п.

 Подл - подлежащее

 V (verb) -смысловой глагол; V1 - первая форма глагола; V2 - вторая форма глагола (Past Simple), V3 - третья форма глагола (Past Participle)

 в.ч.п. - второстепенные члены предложения

 + -утвердительное предложение

 ? -вопросительное предложение

 - отрицательное предложение

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